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A Methodology for the Reduction of Imprecision in the Engineering Process

Published

Author(s)

Ronald Giachetti, R Young, A Roggatz, W Eversheim, G Perrone

Abstract

Engineering design is characterized by a high level of imprecision, vague parameters, and ill-defined relationships. In design, imprecision reduction must occur to arrive at a final product specification. Few design systems exist for adequately representing design imprecision, and formally reducing it to precise values. Fuzzy set theory has considerable potential for addressing the imprecision in design. However, it lacks a formal methodology for system development and operation. One repercussion of this is that imprecision reduction is, at present, implemented in a relatively ad-hoc manner. The main contribution of this paper is to introduce a methodology called precision convergence for making the transition from imprecise goals and requirements to the precise specifications needed to manufacture the product. A hierarchy of fuzzy constraint networks is presented along with a methodology for creating transitional links between different levels of the hierarchy. The solution methodology is illustrated with an example within which an imprecision reduction of 98% is achieved in only three stages of the design process. The imprecision reduction is measured using the coefficient of imprecision, a new metric introduced to quantify imprecision.
Citation
European Journal of Operations Research
Volume
100:2

Keywords

engineering, imprecision, methodology, processes

Citation

Giachetti, R. , Young, R. , Roggatz, A. , Eversheim, W. and Perrone, G. (1996), A Methodology for the Reduction of Imprecision in the Engineering Process, European Journal of Operations Research, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=821166 (Accessed April 13, 2024)
Created August 31, 1996, Updated October 12, 2021