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Membrane-Based Environmental Cells for SEM in Liquids



Andrei A. Kolmakov


Environmental electron microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) in liquids are among the most active research areas in modern electron microscopy and spectroscopy. Research interest in these techniques is broad as they are enabling the nanoscale research of dynamic systems in diverse fields such as materials, biological, medical and environmental sciences. This chapter will discusses ongoing research efforts based upon custom fabricated instrumentation that improves the capabilities of the membrane based environmental cells (E-cells).
Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy
Publisher Info
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, -1


liquid SEM, in situ microscopy, electron transparent membranes, graphene


Kolmakov, A. (2016), Membrane-Based Environmental Cells for SEM in Liquids, Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, -1, [online], (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created December 1, 2016, Updated November 10, 2018