Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Measurement of Airborne Emissions from Extinguished Cigarettes: Final Report

Published

Author(s)

Dustin G. Poppendieck

Abstract

Three series of experiments were conducted in this study. First, studies were performed to the determine the relative distributions of the target chemicals in freshly smoked butts by analyzing six types of samples consisting of different parts of the butts, i.e. filter, tobacco and ash. Each sample was analyzed using headspace-thermal desorption (TD) gas-chromatograph- mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The goal of the headspace analysis was not to fully extract all chemicals remaining on the cigarette butt, rather to provide a consistent basis to compare chemical emissions into the air from the cigarette butts. Second, the butts were placed in a range of controlled conditioning environments for 2 h to 144 h to examine the influence of various factors on emissions: temperature, relative humidity, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, water saturation and air change rate. Butts were also conditioned outdoors in summer and winter seasons to understand butt emissions in real environments. After conditioning, each cigarette butt was also analyzed using headspace-TD-GC-MS. Lastly, a set of experiments was conducted to measure the chemical emission rates from cigarette butts in a walk-in chamber. Air samples were collected from the chamber up to 24 h after butts were placed in the walk-in chamber and were analyzed using TD-GC-MS.
Citation
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8256
Report Number
8256

Citation

Poppendieck, D. (2019), Measurement of Airborne Emissions from Extinguished Cigarettes: Final Report, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.8256 (Accessed April 11, 2021)
Created December 16, 2019