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Mass Spectral Library of Acylcarnitines Derived from Human Urine



Xinjian Yan, Sanford Markey, Ramesh Marupaka, Qian Dong, Brian T. Cooper, Yuri Mirokhin, William E. Wallace, Stephen Stein


We describe the creation of a mass spectral library of acylcarnitines and conjugated acylcarnitines from the LC–MS/MS analysis of six NIST urine reference materials. To recognize acylcarnitines, we conducted in-depth analyses of fragmentation patterns of acylcarnitines and developed a set of rules, derived from spectra in the NIST17 Tandem MS Library and those identified in urine, using the newly developed hybrid search method. Acylcarnitine tandem spectra were annotated with fragments from carnitine and acyl moieties as well as neutral loss peaks from precursors. Consensus spectra were derived from spectra having similar retention time, fragmentation pattern, and the same precursor m/z and collision energy. The library contains 157 different precursor masses, 586 unique acylcarnitines, and 4 332 acylcarnitine consensus spectra. Furthermore, from spectra that partially satisfied the fragmentation rules of acylcarnitines, we identified 125 conjugated acylcarnitines represented by 987 consensus spectra, which appear to originate from Phase II biotransformation reactions. To our knowledge, this is the first report of conjugated acylcarnitines. The mass spectra provided by this work may be useful for clinical screening of acylcarnitines as well as for studying relationships among fragmentation patterns, collision energies, structures, and retention times of acylcarnitines. Further, these methods are extensible to other classes of metabolites.
Analytical Chemistry


Yan, X. , Markey, S. , Marupaka, R. , Dong, Q. , Cooper, B. , Mirokhin, Y. , Wallace, W. and Stein, S. (2020), Mass Spectral Library of Acylcarnitines Derived from Human Urine, Analytical Chemistry, [online], (Accessed May 21, 2024)


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Created April 8, 2020, Updated February 23, 2021