Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Mass notification messages:



Erica D Kuligowski, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Richard W Bukowski
- NIST SP 1093
Report Number
NIST SP 1093


Kuligowski, E. , Kuligowski, E. , Peacock, R. , Averill, J. and Bukowski, R. (2009), Mass notification messages:, , National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 22, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created January 1, 2009, Updated May 20, 2023