Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Long-Term Strength of Ceramics for Biomedical Applications

Published

Author(s)

Yu Zhang, Brian R. Lawn

Abstract

The influence of slow crack growth on the initiation of radial cracks at the undersurfaces of ceramic layers on polymeric substrates is studied, with particular relevance to biomechanical systems dental crowns and hip replacement prostheses. Critical loads are measured as a function of loading rate (dynamic fatigue) for model bilayers fabricated by epoxy-bonding selected clinical ceramics to polycarbonate bases. Radial crack initiation is observed in situ by viewing from below the transparent base during loading. Declines in the critical loads with diminishing load rate are consistent with slow crack growth of intrinsic flaws prior to radial crack pop in. A simple fracture mechanics relation incorporating a crack velocity function is used to analyze the data. Extrapolation beyond the data range enables long-lifetime (10 yr) estimates of sustainable loads. The procedure provides a basis for ranking ceramic types, and in particular for eliminating vulnerable candidate materials, for use in biomechanical systems. While slow crack growth is an important factor in failure, other mechanisms could operate in concert and even dominate under severe testing conditions, especially in cyclic loading.
Citation
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B-Applied Biomaterials
Volume
69B
Issue
No. 2

Keywords

bilayers, brittle coatings, crack velocity, critical loads, dental crowns, lifetime

Citation

Zhang, Y. and Lawn, B. (2004), Long-Term Strength of Ceramics for Biomedical Applications, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B-Applied Biomaterials (Accessed June 20, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created May 1, 2004, Updated February 17, 2017