Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Leaching of Conductive Species: Implications to Measurements of Electrical Resistivity

Published

Author(s)

Robert Spragg, Scott Z. Jones, Yiwen Bu, Yang Lu, Dale P. Bentz, Kenneth A. Snyder, Jason Weiss

Abstract

Electrical tests have been used to characterize the microstructure of porous materials, the measured electrical response being determined by the contribution of the microstructure (porosity and tortuosity) and the electrical properties of the solution (conductivity of the pore solution) inside the pores of the material. It has been suggested that differences in concentration between the pore solution (i.e., the solution in the pores) and the storage solution surrounding the test specimen may lead to significant transport (leaching) of the conductive ionic species between the pore solution and the storage solution. Leaching can influence the resistivity of the pore solution, thereby influencing electrical measurements on the bulk material from either a surface or uniaxial bulk resistance test. This paper has three main objectives: 1.) to demonstrate that leaching of conductive species does occur and that a diffusion based approach can be used to estimate the time scale associated with this change 2.) to show that leaching of ions in the pore solution can influence resistivity measurements and the relationship between two different resistivity test geometries and 3.) to provide an estimation of the magnitude of leaching for the standardized tests of cementitious materials.
Citation
Cement and Concrete Composites
Volume
79

Keywords

electrical properties, resistivity, conductivity, alkali leaching, pore solution, simulation, diffusion
Created February 20, 2017, Updated November 10, 2018