Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Large Fires: Kuwait (NIST SP 995)

Published

Author(s)

Daniel M. Madrzykowski, D. D. Evans, G A. Haynes

Abstract

A series of measurements were made in the Al Mawqa/Al Ahmadi oil field region of Kuwait to explore the feasibility of assessing the heat release rate of individual well fires through flame height and thermal radiation measurements. The 12 fires measured ranged in calculated heat release rate from 90 to 2000 MW which correspond to flow rates of 240 m3 day (15000 bbl/day) to 4800 m3/day (30000 bbl/day). Based on these twelve burning well measurements, the estimated total flow from the 651 damaged wells, both burning and leaking in March, 1991, was 7,400,000 barrels/day which is only 20 percent greater than published NOAA estimates based on information from the Kuwait Oil Company.
Citation
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 995
Report Number
995
Volume
2

Keywords

fire safety, fire research, well fires, heat release rate, flame height, thermal radiation, radiation measurements

Citation

Madrzykowski, D. , Evans, D. and Haynes, G. (2003), Large Fires: Kuwait (NIST SP 995), Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=910274 (Accessed May 30, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created March 1, 2003, Updated February 19, 2017