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KEY IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES AND CROSSCUTTING RESEARCH THEMES FOR DEVELOPING IMMEDIATE OCCUPANCY PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

Published

Author(s)

Siamak Sattar, Christopher L. Segura, Katherine J. Johnson, Therese P. McAllister, Steven L. McCabe

Abstract

New and existing buildings and supporting infrastructure may sustain extensive damage during natural hazard events such that building functions are degraded or lost. Widespread building damage across a community can have severe social and economic impacts. The U.S. Senate tasked NIST with identifying research needs and implementation activities to develop multi-hazard immediate occupancy (IO) performance objectives for commercial and residential buildings. With input from subject matter experts and stakeholders participating in a national workshop, NIST developed a report that describes research areas and implementation activities to fulfill the Congressional mandate. The content of the report is organized around four topic areas: enhancing building design, addressing community considerations, ascertaining social and economic issues, and identifying acceptance and adoption considerations that require further reflection in the process of developing the new IO performance objective. This paper discusses crosscutting themes that apply to all four topic areas and will need to be addressed to advance research and implementation activities for IO performance. These crosscutting themes define activities that are vital to the development of research tools, design standards, and educational tools needed to study the impacts of, and design for, IO performance. The paper also highlights key challenges in adoption and implementation of IO performance objectives; these challenges focus mainly on social, economic, and policy related issues that can support the successful adoption of IO objectives by the public.
Proceedings Title
17th U.S.-Japan-New Zealand Workshop
Report Number
1224
Conference Dates
November 12-14, 2018
Conference Location
Queenstown, -1
Conference Title
17th U.S.-Japan-New Zealand Workshop on the Improvement of Structural Engineering and Resilience

Keywords

Immediate Occupancy, Functional Recovery, performance objective, building functionality, community considerations, social issues, economic issues
Created November 12, 2018, Updated October 11, 2019