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Josephson Voltage Standards



Clark A. Hamilton


This paper reviews the development and use of Josephson voltage standards over the last 30 years, including classical dc standards, programmable standards based on binary weighted arrays, pulse-driven delta-sigma standards for ac wave-form synthesis, and single-flux-quantum voltage multipliers.
Microtechnology in Metrology and Metrology in Microsystems


Metrology, superconductivity, voltage measurement


Hamilton, C. (2000), Josephson Voltage Standards, Microtechnology in Metrology and Metrology in Microsystems (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created October 1, 2000, Updated February 17, 2017