Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Interoperability for Virtual Manufacturing systems



Yung-Tsun Lee, Juyeon Lee, Frank H. Riddick, Donald E. Libes, Deogratias Kibira


Manufacturing systems are often costly to develop and operate. Simulation technology has been demonstrated to be an effective tool for improving manufacturing system design and the efficiency of manufacturing operations and maintenance. However, to use simulation most effectively and efficiently remains an important issue in the manufacturing industry. One of the principal reasons is the difficulty in processing, organizing, and making use of the production-related information about the manufacturing system to be simulated. The difficulty stems from there being no standard representation for such data, making the effort to input data such as product attributes, processing times, and material quantity requirements into simulations complex, time consuming, and error prone. The Core Manufacturing Simulation Data (CMSD) standard specifically addresses this difficulty. CMSD enables the import/export many different types of factory data into computer simulations and other manufacturing systems. This paper describes the motivation for creating CMSD, standardization efforts for CMSD, and related research efforts. This paper also describes how CMSD is being used as an integration mechanism in a sustainable manufacturing testbed being developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The testbed will be a virtual manufacturing environment to support the testing and validation of sustainability metrics, assessment methods, and tools for use in manufacturing.
International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services


manufacturing, Core Manufacturing Simulation Data


Lee, Y. , Lee, J. , Riddick, F. , Libes, D. and Kibira, D. (2014), Interoperability for Virtual Manufacturing systems, International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services, [online], (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created January 13, 2014, Updated October 12, 2021