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Interactive 3D Visualization of Mathematical Functions Using VRML



Qiming Wang, Bonita V. Saunders


Although there have been no major revisions of the National Bureau of Standards Handbook of Mathematical Functions [1] since its first publication in 1964, it continues to be widely used by the mathematical and scientific community. As a result, NIST is engaged in a large scale project to update and expand the handbook and disseminate it in digital format on the World Wide Web. This electronic handbook is being called the Digital Library of Mathematical Functions (DLMF). A key feature of the DLMF will be dynamic 3D visualizations of special functions. This paper discusses some of the visualization results obtained to date using VRML, the Virtual Reality Modeling Language, a standard file format fordescribing the behavior and geometry of a 3D virtual world.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6289
Report Number


3D graphics, clipping, special functions, Virtual Reality Modeling Language, VRML


Wang, Q. and Saunders, B. (1999), Interactive 3D Visualization of Mathematical Functions Using VRML, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 17, 2024)


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Created January 31, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021