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Integration of Life Cycle Inventories Incorporating Manufacturing Unit Processes

Published

Author(s)

Mark B. Campanelli, Jonatan K. Berglund, Sudarsan Rachuri

Abstract

Sustainable manufacturing (SM) concerns the manufacture of products with regard to environmental, social, and economic impacts over the entire life cycle. With a primary focus on environmental concerns, life cycle assessment (LCA) can support SM practices. The life cycle inventory (LCI) is a key phase of LCA, and this paper considers the integration of manufacturing unit processes (MUPs) into system-level LCIs, which requires consideration of process flow diagrams at different levels of abstraction. Furthermore, uncertainty quantification is an important component of LCA interpretation, and this paper proposes a method to synthesize LCIs from the process-level to the system-level that consistently quantifies uncertainty in the inventories. The method can incorporate MUP data derived from measurements and/or modeling and simulation. Further development towards a complete methodology is discussed.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conference &
Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2011

Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
IDETC/CIE 2011
Conference Dates
August 28-31, 2011
Conference Location
Washington, DC

Keywords

life cycle assessment, life cycle inventory, manufacturing unit process, measurement, simulation, sustainable manufacturing, uncertainty quantification

Citation

Campanelli, M. , Berglund, J. and Rachuri, S. (2011), Integration of Life Cycle Inventories Incorporating Manufacturing Unit Processes, Proceedings of ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conference & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2011 Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2011 , Washington, DC, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=908349 (Accessed May 18, 2024)

Issues

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Created August 31, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017