Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Integration Framework of Process Planning based on Resource Independent Operation Summary to Support Collaborative Manufacturing



Boonserm Kulvatunyou, R A. Wysk, Hyunbo Cho, Albert T. Jones


In today?s global manufacturing environment, manufacturing functions are distributed as never before. Design, engineering, fabrication, and assembly of new products are done routinely in many different enterprises scattered around the world. Successful business transactions require the sharing of design and engineering data on an unprecedented scale. This paper describes a framework that facilitates the collaboration of engineering tasks, particularly process planning and analysis, to support such globalized manufacturing activities. The information models of data and the software components that integrate those information models are described. The integration framework uses an Integrated Product and Process Data (IPPD) representation called a Resource Independent Operation Summary (RIOS) to facilitate the communication of business and manufacturing requirements. Hierarchical process modeling, process planning decomposition and an augmented AND/OR directed graph are used in this representation. The Resource Specific Process Planning (RSPP) module assigns required equipment and tools, selects process parameters, and determines manufacturing costs based on two-level hierarchical RIOS data. The shop floor knowledge (resource and process knowledge) and a hybrid approach (heuristic and linear programming) to linearize the AND/OR graph provide the basis for the planning. Finally, a prototype system is developed and demonstrated with an exemplary part. Java and XML (Extensible Markup Language) are used to ensure software and information portability.
International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing


collaborative manufacturing, graph linearization, process planning, resource independent operation summary, resource specific process planning


Kulvatunyou, B. , Wysk, R. , Cho, H. and Jones, A. (2003), Integration Framework of Process Planning based on Resource Independent Operation Summary to Support Collaborative Manufacturing, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, [online], (Accessed May 18, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created July 31, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021