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Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Risk Outcomes



Stephen Quinn, Nahla Ivy, Karen Scarfone, Matthew Barrett, Larry Feldman, Daniel Topper, Greg Witte, Robert Gardner, Julie Chua


The increasing frequency, creativity, and severity of technology attacks means that all enterprises should ensure that information and communications technology (ICT) risk is receiving appropriate attention within their enterprise risk management (ERM) programs. Specific types of ICT risk include, but are not limited to, cybersecurity, privacy, and supply chain. This document provides a framework of outcomes that applies to all types of ICT risk. It complements NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-221, Enterprise Impact of Information & Communications Technology Risk, which focuses on the use of risk registers to communicate and manage ICT risk.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 800-221A
Report Number


enterprise risk management (ERM), enterprise risk profile (ERP), enterprise risk register (ERR), information and communications technology (ICT), ICT risk, ICT risk management (ICTRM), ICT risk measurement, ICT Risk Outcomes Framework (ICT ROF), risk appetite, risk register, risk tolerance.


Quinn, S. , Ivy, N. , Scarfone, K. , Barrett, M. , Feldman, L. , Topper, D. , Witte, G. , Gardner, R. and Chua, J. (2023), Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Risk Outcomes, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed June 20, 2024)


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Created November 17, 2023