Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Influence of Flame Characteristics on Gas- Phase Fire Retardant Effectiveness



Gregory T. Linteris, Nicolas Bouvet, Valeri I. Babushok, Fumiaki Takahashi, Viswanath R. Katta, Stanislav Stoliarov, Peter B. Sunderland


The presentation discusses the influence of flame characteristics on gas-phase fire retardant effectiveness. First, the action of super-effective agents in co-flow diffusion flames is reviewed, highlighting how particle formation had a detrimental effect on the inhibiting action, and how this is affected by the flame type and structure. The role of base stabilization, flame oscillation, inhibitor loading, and other flame characteristics are described. Finally, the results of ongoing work with phosphorus compounds (DMMP) in a co-flow diffusion flame are presented.
Proceedings Title
Fire Retardants in Plastics 2014
Conference Dates
May 12-13, 2014
Conference Location
Denver, CO


Fire retardants, flame structure, cup-burner flames, DMMP, phosphorus flame inhibition


Linteris, G. , Bouvet, N. , Babushok, V. , Takahashi, F. , Katta, V. , Stoliarov, S. and Sunderland, P. (2014), Influence of Flame Characteristics on Gas- Phase Fire Retardant Effectiveness, Fire Retardants in Plastics 2014, Denver, CO, [online], (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created May 30, 2014, Updated February 19, 2017