Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

The Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF) Core Ontology



Boonserm Kulvatunyou, Milos Drobnjakovic, Farhad Ameri, Chris Will, Barry Smith


The Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF) has been formed to create a suite of interoperable ontologies that would serve as a foundation for data and information interoperability in all areas of manufacturing. To ensure that the ontologies are developed in a structured and mutually coherent manner, the IOF has committed to the tiered architecture of ontology building based on the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) as top level. One of the critical elements of a successful tiered architecture build is the domain mid-level ontologies. However, there has far been no mid-level manufacturing ontology that is based on BFO. The IOF has recently released the IOF Core version 1 beta to fill this gap. This paper documents the development process and gives an overview of the current content of the IFO Core. Finally, the paper describes how the IOF Core can be used as a basis for a more domain-specific Supply Chain Ontology.
Conference Dates
September 12-15, 2022
Conference Location
Tarbes, FR
Conference Title
Formal Ontologies Meet Industry (FOMI) 2022


Ontology, Semantic interoperability, Industrial Ontologies Foundry, Manufacturing, Industry 4.0


Kulvatunyou, B. , Drobnjakovic, M. , Ameri, F. , Will, C. and Smith, B. (2022), The Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF) Core Ontology, Formal Ontologies Meet Industry (FOMI) 2022, Tarbes, FR, [online], (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created September 19, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022