Impact of Measurement and Standards Infrastructure on the National Economy and International Trade
Hratch G. Semerjian, Robert L. Watters
The U.S. Federal Government has a strong role in metrology R&D in the U.S because of its importance to the nation's economy and the Constitutional authority given to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). However, pressures to maintain a balanced budget require careful planning and priority setting to win support for metrology R&D programs. The payoffs of good planning and resource deployment come in the form of anecdotal examples of significant industrial outcomes and comprehensive evidence of impacts through formalized studies. Furthermore, when tariff-based barriers to international trade are lowered, consistent and accurate measurements that are globally accepted facilitate the elimination of any remaining technical barriers to trade. We will explore these issues,giving specific examples of impacts from recent work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology.