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Human-Robot Collaboration Dynamic Impact Testing and Calibration Instrument for Disposable Robot Safety Artifacts



Nicholas G. Dagalakis, Jae M. Yoo, Thomas Oeste


The Dynamic Impact Testing and Calibration Instrument (DITCI) is a simple instrument, with a significant data collection and analysis capability that is used for the testing and calibration of biosimulant human tissue artifacts. These artifacts may be used to measure the severity of injuries caused in the case of a robot impact with a human. In this paper we describe the DITCI adjustable impact and flexible foundation mechanism, which allows the selection of a variety of impact force levels and foundation stiffness. The instrument can accommodate arrays of a variety of sensors and impact tools, simulating standards setting organizations testing requirements and real manufacturing tools. A computer data acquisition system may collect a variety of impact motion, force and torque data, which are used to develop a variety of mathematical model representations of the artifacts. Finally, we describe the fabrication and testing of human abdomen soft tissue artifacts with embedded markers, used to display the severity of impact injury tissue deformation. Impact tests were performed at maximum impact force and average pressure levels that are below, at and above the levels recommended by a proposed International Standards Organization (ISO) standard.
International Journal of Robotics Research


Robot, impact testing, biosimulant human tissue artifacts, human abdomen soft tissue artifacts, ISO standard


Dagalakis, N. , Yoo, J. and Oeste, T. (2016), Human-Robot Collaboration Dynamic Impact Testing and Calibration Instrument for Disposable Robot Safety Artifacts, International Journal of Robotics Research, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created May 16, 2016, Updated November 10, 2018