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High Pressure X-Ray Crystallography With the Diamond Cell at NIST/NBS



Gasper J. Piermarini


Scientists in the Crystallography Section at NIST/NBS made several outstanidng contributions greatly influencing the development and advancement of high pressure x-ray crystallography during the second-half of the 20th century. These milestone achievements or firsts included: (1) the invention of the diamond anvil cell (DAC) in 1958; (2) the developement of DAC technology for powder x-ray diffraction at high pressure in 1960; (3) the introduction of DAC methodology for single crystal x-ray diffraction at high pressure in 1964; (4) the invention of the optical fluorescence ruby method of pressure measurement in 1971; and (5) the discovery of hydrostatic pressure-transmitting media useful to unprecedented pressures for that time. These achievements, indeed, were milestones for they provided the spark that ignited the explosion of activity in high pressure research that occured in laboratories throughout the world during the latter part of the 20th century. It is still going on, unabated, today.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
106 No. 6


crystallography, diamond anvil cell (DAC), high pressure, hydrostaticity, polycrystalline, ruby pressure measurement, single crystal


Piermarini, G. (2001), High Pressure X-Ray Crystallography With the Diamond Cell at NIST/NBS, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed May 28, 2024)


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Created November 1, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017