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High-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation and superluminal optical solitons in room-temperature active-Raman-gain media

Published

Author(s)

Lu Deng, Guoxiang Huang, Huijun Li, Chao Hang

Abstract

We make a detailed study on the dynamics of gain-assisted superluminal optical solitons in a three-state active-Raman-gain medium at room temperature. Using a method of multiple-scales we derive a high-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation with correction terms contributed from differential gain, nonlinear dispersion, delay in nonlinear refractive index, and third-order dispersion of the system.We show that for a long pulse with realistic physical parameters the high-order correction terms are small and can be taken as perturbations. However, for a shorter pulse these higher-order correction terms are significant and hence must be treated on equal footing as the terms in the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We provide exact soliton solutions of the higher-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation and demonstrate that such solitons have still superluminal propagating velocity and can be generated at very low light intensity.
Citation
Physical Review A
Volume
78
Issue
2

Keywords

high-order nonlinear Schrodinger equation, optical solitons in active Raman gain medium

Citation

Deng, L. , Huang, G. , Li, H. and Hang, C. (2008), High-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation and superluminal optical solitons in room-temperature active-Raman-gain media, Physical Review A, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.78.023822 (Accessed July 18, 2024)

Issues

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Created August 13, 2008, Updated June 2, 2021