Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Guidelines for Securing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Systems



Tom T. Karygiannis, Bernard Eydt, Greg Barber, Lynn Bunn, T. Phillips


This publication seeks to assist organizations in understanding the risks of RFID technology and security measures to mitigate those risks. It provides practical, real-world advice on how to initiate, design, implement and operate RFID systems in a manner that mitigates security and privacy risks. The document also provides background information on RFID applications, standards, and system components to assist in the understanding of RFID security risks and controls. This document presents information that is independent of particular hardware platforms, operating systems, and applications. The emphasis is on RFID systems that are based on industry and international standards, although the existence of proprietary approaches is noted when they offer relevant security features not found in current standards.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 800-98
Report Number


Radio Frequency Identification, RFID, Security, Privacy


Karygiannis, T. , Eydt, B. , Barber, G. , Bunn, L. and Phillips, T. (2007), Guidelines for Securing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Systems, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 25, 2024)
Created April 6, 2007, Updated July 26, 2017