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FY24 Soft Robotics Report



Jennifer Case, Jeremy Marvel


Advances in robotics research have begun incorporating non-traditional materials, such as rubbers and elastomers, into the structure of robots giving them new capabilities. This inclusion of soft materials has highlighted a number of metrology challenges related to highly deformable objects or systems. The purpose of this report is to review challenges facing soft robotics across academia and industry. To accomplish this goal, we surveyed literature including proposed roadmaps for the field, engaged the community through workshops, and engaged industry. This report summarizes challenges for the community and industry and provides a detailed survey of material testing and modeling including limitations in current practices. We conclude by proposing steps that NIST can take to support metrology within the field which will, in turn, enable industry to take advantage of this new technology.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8508
Report Number


Soft Robotics, Robotics


Case, J. and Marvel, J. (2024), FY24 Soft Robotics Report, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created February 29, 2024