Bruce Ellingwood, John W. van de Lindt,
While many definitions of resilience can be found in the literature and in policy statements, common to these definitions is the notion that resilience is the ability to prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruptions. Community resilience depends on the performance of the built environment and on supporting social, economic and public institutions which are essential for immediate response and long-term recovery within a community following a disruptive natural hazard event. The Center for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning, headquartered at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado was established in 2015 by The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to advance the measurement science for understanding the factors that make a community resilient, to assess the likely impact of hazards on communities, and to develop risk-informed decision strategies that optimize planning for and recovery from natural hazard events. Research in the first few years of the Center has laid the groundwork for subsequent advances in community resilience science and implementation.
Community resilience, Civil infrastructure, Natural hazards, Risk-informed decision, Risk mitigation.