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A Framework to Develop Community Resilience Performance Goals and Assessment Metrics for Decision Making

Published

Author(s)

Therese P. McAllister

Abstract

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is conducting research to develop a Community Disaster Resilience Framework and quantitative science-based assessment tools and metrics for community resilience. The research focuses on the performance and rapid recovery of the built environment to a functional level for significant hazard events, and the associated technical and social challenges. Major objectives include the development of community-level performance goals, quantitative science-based resilience assessment tools based on modern principles of reliability and risk analysis, meaningful measures of resilience, and documents that can be adopted by communities and building codes, standards and other regulatory agencies to support rational public policies for mitigating risk to communities. Science-based decision support tools and metrics are needed to help communities evaluate the performance of their social and built systems and assess alternative plans and associated risks. The immediate need for community resilience tools for the built environment is being addressed by NIST through a methodology and implementation guidance that includes community performance goals and evaluation of recovery through time to return of functionality. The need for quantitative science-based assessment tools and metrics for community resilience based on reliability and risk principles for integrated ‘system of systems’ modeling is in its beginning stages. Researchers are developing quantitative models of individual infrastructure systems, but much remains to be done before an integrated systems model that incorporates uncertainties in data and system conditions is available and validated. The addition of community performance goals, multiple hazard levels, and recovery of functionality with mitigation, performance and damage levels, and losses to the risk-based assessment of community resilience provides a complete evaluation of risk and consequences.
Proceedings Title
12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering,
ICASP12
Conference Dates
July 12-15, 2015
Conference Location
Vancouver

Keywords

Community disaster resilience, risk, metrics, decision making

Citation

McAllister, T. (2015), A Framework to Develop Community Resilience Performance Goals and Assessment Metrics for Decision Making, 12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering, ICASP12, Vancouver, -1 (Accessed May 28, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 15, 2015, Updated October 18, 2017