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Flow Induced Coating of Fluoropolymer Additives: Development of Frustrated Total Internal Reflection Imaging

Published

Author(s)

S B. Kharchenko, P M. McGuiggan, Kalman D. Migler

Abstract

In the extrusion of linear low-density polyethylene (PE), fluoropolymer-processing additives (PPA) are used to eliminate the surface defect known as sharkskin by coating the die wall and inducing slip at the PPA/PE interface. We describe an in situ optical method for measurement of the coating thickness by exploiting the phenomenon of frustrated total internal reflection (frust-TIR). By correlating the optical and pressure measurements, extrudate appearance and auxiliary experiments we can elucidate the kinetics of the coating process. The PPA droplets adsorb at the die entrance region and migrate under the shear stress to the capillary exit where sharkskin is eliminated. We find that a uniform coating in the range of (25 to 60) nm is sufficient for sharkskin elimination. The steady state coating thickness ranges from (200 to 350) nm depending on shear rate and concentration.
Citation
Journal of Rheology
Volume
47
Issue
No. 6

Keywords

capillary, coating extrusion, fluoroelastomer, kinetics, polyethylene, reflectivity, rheology, sharkskin

Citation

Kharchenko, S. , McGuiggan, P. and Migler, K. (2003), Flow Induced Coating of Fluoropolymer Additives: Development of Frustrated Total Internal Reflection Imaging, Journal of Rheology, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=852181 (Accessed June 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created December 1, 2003, Updated February 17, 2017