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Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 4) - User's Guide



Kevin B. McGrattan


Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelof fire-driven fluid flow. The software described in this document solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 1019
Report Number


fire dynamics, fire model, large Eddy simulation


McGrattan, K. (2004), Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 4) - User's Guide, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 7, 2023)
Created July 1, 2004, Updated June 2, 2021