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FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH RATES OF API X70 PIPELINE STEELS IN PRESSURIZED HYDROGEN GAS COMPARED WITH AN X52 PIPELINE IN HYDROGEN SERVICE

Published

Author(s)

Elizabeth S. Drexler, Andrew J. Slifka, Robert L. Amaro, Damian S. Lauria, Jeffrey W. Sowards

Abstract

At the present time, steel selection for hydrogen pipelines is limited to API X52 grade. However, the code is being modified to include higher strength steels, such as X70. Fatigue crack growth (FCG) tests were conducted at NIST (Boulder) on an X52 pipeline steel that is currently in service transporting hydrogen gas, as well as two X70 pipeline steels. The compact tension specimens were tested in hydrogen gas pressurized to 5.5 MPa or 34 MPa. A comparison of these tests, all conducted at a cyclic loading frequency of 1 Hz, shows that there is very little difference between the FCG rates of the base metal among the three steels at a given hydrogen pressure. All three base metals exhibited some increase in FCG rate at a hydrogen pressure of 34 MPa compared with 5.5 MPa. Analysis of the data provide rationale for allowing higher strength steels to be used for hydrogen gas transport and distribution, as well as possible limitations on which microstructural constituents are compatible for hydrogen pipelines.
Conference Dates
September 11-14, 2016
Conference Location
Moran, WY
Conference Title
International Hydrogen Conference 2016

Keywords

fatigue crack growth rate, ferritic steel, hydrogen, hydrogen-assisted fatigue crack growth rate, pipeline, steel, transmission, X52, X70

Citation

Drexler, E. , Slifka, A. , Amaro, R. , Lauria, D. and Sowards, J. (2017), FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH RATES OF API X70 PIPELINE STEELS IN PRESSURIZED HYDROGEN GAS COMPARED WITH AN X52 PIPELINE IN HYDROGEN SERVICE, International Hydrogen Conference 2016, Moran, WY, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=921512 (Accessed July 13, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created September 1, 2017, Updated October 11, 2017