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Exploratory Lens Model of Decision-Making in a Potential Phishing Attack Scenario



Franklin Tamborello, Kristen K. Greene


Phishing, the transmission of a message spoofing a legitimate sender about a legitimate subject with intent to perform malicious activity, causes a tremendous and rapidly-increasing amount of damage to American information systems and users annually. This project implements an exploratory computational model of user decision making in a potential phishing attack scenario. The model demonstrates how contextual factors, such as message subject matter match to current work concerns, and personality factors, such as conscientiousness, contribute to users' decisions to comply with or ignore message requests.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8194
Report Number


cybersecurity, lens model, usable security


Tamborello, F. and Greene, K. (2017), Exploratory Lens Model of Decision-Making in a Potential Phishing Attack Scenario, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created October 9, 2017, Updated October 12, 2021