Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Example Cases for the HAZARD I Fire Hazard Assessment Method. Volume 3. Final Report (NIST HB-146/III)



Richard W. Bukowski, Richard D. Peacock, Walter W. Jones, C. L. Forney


This report describes the first version of a method for predicting the hazards to occupants involved in a building fire. To implement the method, a personal computer software package called HAZARD I is provided. The software consists of modules which can predict the time varying environment within a building resulting from a specified fire; the locations and actions of a specified group of occupants as they interact with the building, the fire, and each other; and the impact of the exposure of each of the occupants to the fire products in terms of whether the occupants successfully escape, are incapacitated, or are killed. The documentation includes the Software User's Guide, and a Reference Guide consisting of the Technical Reference Guide and Example Cases. NIST Handbook 146 is a set consisting of three volumes described above plus computer softwware supplied on seven (7) 5 1/4" and four (4) 3 1/2" disks. REFERENCE USE ONLY
Handbook (NIST HB) - 146
Report Number


computer models, computer programs, evacuation, fire models, hazard assessment, human behavior, toxicity


Bukowski, R. , Peacock, R. , Jones, W. and Forney, C. (1989), Example Cases for the HAZARD I Fire Hazard Assessment Method. Volume 3. Final Report (NIST HB-146/III), Handbook (NIST HB), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 21, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created June 1, 1989, Updated February 19, 2017