Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Examining Recent HR Data for Gender Bias Among Federal Employees at NIST



Jasmine Evans, Amanda Koepke, Steven Lund, Mary Frances Theofanos


This report is part of a multi-phase mixed methods project that is designed to provide an in-depth look at the population of National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) federal employees to identify factors, attitudes, and processes that might result in gender-specific barriers at NIST. In the current project phase, human resources demographic data, compensation data, and performance data of NIST federal employees from 2011 to 2019 were analyzed to determine any relevant trends. This report details the methodology and results, including the steps of analysis, and summarizes where NIST currently stands regarding workplace gender differences. The results include trends of gender differences in the areas of hiring, pay band, annual salary, and supervisory level. Further analysis identified the highest degree earned as a factor toward gender-specific barriers. Finally, we identified the "broken rung" as a factor limiting advancement of women.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8363
Report Number


Gender, Gender pay gap, Inequities


Evans, J. , Koepke, A. , Lund, S. and Theofanos, M. (2021), Examining Recent HR Data for Gender Bias Among Federal Employees at NIST, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created March 26, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022