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The evolution of the Frequency Standards and Metrology symposium and its physics



David J. Wineland


In this paper I recall some of the earlier developments in the physics and measurement of atomic frequency standards and clocks, as revealed in presentations at past Frequency Standards and Metrology (FSM) symposia in this series. Coverage is not meant to be comprehensive; unfortunately, I can select only a relatively small number of representative examples of work that I felt stimulated many of the major areas of interest since the first meeting in 1971.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology
Conference Dates
October 12-16, 2015
Conference Location
Potsdam, -1
Conference Title
Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS)


Atomic clocks, Atomic frequency standards, Precision spectroscopy, Stable lasers
Created June 1, 2016, Updated November 10, 2018