Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Evaluation of Cell Source for Tissue Engineered Ligament: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Achilles Tendon (AT) and Patellar Tendon (PT)

Published

Author(s)

James A. Cooper, L A. Bailey, Janell N. Carter, Cynthia Castiglioni, Michelle D. Kofron, Frank K. Ko, Cato T. Laurencin

Abstract

This study investigated four different connective tissue cell types to determine which cell type is an optimal source for seeding a tissue-engineered Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) replacement. Cells from the ACL, Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Achilles tendon (AT), and Patellar tendon (PT) of a New Zealand White rabbit were isolated and cultured. Each cell type was cultured under static conditions after seeding on three-dimensional (3-D) braided polymer scaffolds and on tissue culture plates. Samples were evaluated and compared for their morphology, proliferation rates, and expression of fibronectin, collagen Types I and III. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photomicrographs verified cell attachment of all four types of connective tissue cells to the scaffolds and tissue culture plates respectively. Preliminary results comparing proliferation rates indicate that cells obtained from the Patellar tendon have the fastest proliferation rates while those from the ACL are the slowest. Interestingly, the gene expression of the phenotypic markers measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) indicates ACL cells have the highest expression for the matrix markers. This leads to the question of which cell type would be the optimal cell source for tissue-engineering of ligament, the highly proliferating cells or the matrix producing cells. This study would suggest that ACL phenotypic matrix producing cells are the most suitable cells for further study and development of a tissue-engineered ligament.
Proceedings Title
2005
Conference Dates
July 31-August 5, 2005
Conference Location
Undefined
Conference Title
GRC Conference Biomaterials: Biocompatibility/Tissue Engineering

Keywords

biomaterials, chain reaction (RT-PCR), ligament, real-time polymerase, tendon, three-dimensional scaffold, tissue engineering

Citation

Cooper, J. , Bailey, L. , Carter, J. , Castiglioni, C. , Kofron, M. , Ko, F. and Laurencin, C. (2008), Evaluation of Cell Source for Tissue Engineered Ligament: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Achilles Tendon (AT) and Patellar Tendon (PT), 2005, Undefined (Accessed May 21, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created October 16, 2008