Evaluating performance, degradation, and release behavior of a nanoform pigmented coating after natural and accelerated weathering
Ronald S. Lankone, David G. Goodwin, Li Piin Sung, Emmanuel Ruggiero, Klaus Vilsmeier, Philipp Mueller, Sorin Pulbere, Katie Challis, Yuqiang Bi, Paul Westerhoff, James Ranville, David H. Fairbrother, Wendel Wohlleben
Pigments with nanoscale dimensions are added to exterior coatings to achieve desirable color and gloss properties. The present study compared the performance, degradation, and release behavior of an acrylic coating that was pigmented by a nanoform of Cu-phthalocyanine after both natural and accelerated weathering. Samples were naturally weathered outdoors in three geographically distinct locations across the United States (Arizona, Colorado, Maryland) continuously for 15 months. Identically prepared samples were also artificially weathered under accelerated conditions (increased ultraviolet (UV) light intensity and elevated temperatures) for three months. After exposure, both sets of samples were characterized with color, gloss, and infrared spectroscopy measurements, and selectively with surface roughness measurements. Results indicated that UV-driven coating oxidation was the principal degradation pathway for both natural and artificially weathered samples, with accelerated weathering leading to an increased rate of oxidation without altering the fundamental degradation pathway. The inclusion of the nanoform pigment reduced the rate of coating oxidation, via UV absorption by the pigment, leading to improved coating integrity compared to non-pigmented samples. Release measurements collected during natural weathering studies indicated there was never a period of weathering, in any location, that led to copper release above background copper measurements. Lab-based release experiments performed on samples weathered naturally and under accelerated conditions found that the release of degraded coating material after each type of exposure was diminished by the inclusion of the nanoform pigment.