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Evacuation Decision Model

Published

Author(s)

Paul A. Reneke

Abstract

In evacuation models, the time between the first alarm or other initial cue until the population starts evacuating, often referred to as the pre-evacuation time or pre-movement time, is usually a user defined input. To address this deficiency, this paper describes the development of the \edmname (\pedm) from Kuligowski's qualitative model of pre-evacuation behavior \cite{kuligowskiphd11}. \edm predicts the evolution of the decision to take protective action from a limited number of user inputs. \edm models the decision process a person uses based on physical, social and psychological cues as the occur over time. The paper includes a section that gives a concise description of how to implement \edm as a sub- model in an evacuation model.
Citation
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7914
Report Number
7914

Keywords

Evacuation, Egress, pre-movement time

Citation

Reneke, P. (2013), Evacuation Decision Model, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.7914 (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created February 15, 2013, Updated November 10, 2018