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Evacuation Decision Model



Paul A. Reneke


In evacuation models, the time between the first alarm or other initial cue until the population starts evacuating, often referred to as the pre-evacuation time or pre-movement time, is usually a user defined input. To address this deficiency, this paper describes the development of the \edmname (\pedm) from Kuligowski's qualitative model of pre-evacuation behavior \cite{kuligowskiphd11}. \edm predicts the evolution of the decision to take protective action from a limited number of user inputs. \edm models the decision process a person uses based on physical, social and psychological cues as the occur over time. The paper includes a section that gives a concise description of how to implement \edm as a sub- model in an evacuation model.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7914
Report Number


Evacuation, Egress, pre-movement time


Reneke, P. (2013), Evacuation Decision Model, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created February 15, 2013, Updated November 10, 2018