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Eu3+-Doped Wide Band Gap Zn2SnO4 Semiconductor Nanoparticles: Structure and Luminescence



Mirjana NMN Dimitrievska, Tamara B. Ivetic, Alexander P. Litvinchuk, Andrew Fairbrother, Bojan B. Miljevic, Goran R. Strbac, Alejandro Perez-Rodriguez, Svetlana R. Lukic-Petrovic


Nanocrystalline Zn2SnO4powders doped with Eu3+ ions were synthesized via a mechanochemical solid-state reaction method followed by post annealing in air at 1200 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies provide convincing evidence for the incorporation of Eu3+ ions into the host matrix on non-centrosymmetric sites of cubic spinel lattice. Microstructural analysis shows that the crystalline grain size decreases with the addition of Eu3+. Formation of a nanocrystalline Eu2Sn2O7 secondary phase is also observed. Luminescence spectra of Eu3+-doped samples show several emissions, including narrow-band magnetic dipole emission at 595 nm and electric dipole emission at 615 nm of the Eu3+ ions. Excitation spectra and lifetime measurements suggested that Eu3+ ions participate at octahedral sites of Zn^2+^ or Sn4+ under a weak crystal field, rather than the tetrahedral sites of Zn2+, due to the high octahedral stabilization energy for Eu3+. Activation of symmetry forbidden (IR-active and silent) modes is observed in the Raman scattering spectra of both pure and doped samples, indicating a disorder of the cation sublattice of Sn2SnO4 nanocrystallites. These results were further supported by the first principle lattice dynamics calculations. The spinel-type Zn2SnO4 shows effectiveness in hosting Eu3+ ions, which could be used as a prospective green/red emitter. This works also illustrates how sustainable and simple preparation methods could be used for effective engineering of material properties.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C


Zn2SnO4, nanoparticles, doping, photoluminescence, structure, DFT, Raman spectroscopy


, M. , , T. , , A. , Fairbrother, A. , , B. , , G. , Perez-Rodriguez, A. and , S. (2016), Eu<sup>3+</sup>-Doped Wide Band Gap Zn<sub>2</sub>SnO<sub>4</sub> Semiconductor Nanoparticles: Structure and Luminescence, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, [online], (Accessed June 18, 2024)


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Created August 3, 2016, Updated September 20, 2017