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Estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solutions from OH-, K+ and Na+ concentrations



Kenneth A. Snyder, X Feng, T O. Mason


A proposed method for estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solution at 25 degrees Celsius is based on the concentrations of HO-, K+ and Na+. The approach uses an equation that is a function of the solution ionic strength, and requires a single coefficient for each ionic species. To test the method, the conductivity of solutions containing mixtures of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide with molar ratios of 4:1, 2:1 and 1:1, and having ionic strengths varying from 0.15 to 2.00 mol/l were measured in the laboratory and compared to predicted values. The proposed equation predicts the conductivity of the solutions to within 8% over the concentration range investigated. By comparison, the dilute electrolyte assumption that conductivity is linearly proportional to concentration is in error by 36% at 1 mol/l and in erro by 55% at 2 mol/l. The significance and utility of the proposed equation discussed in the context of predicting ionic transport in cement-based systems.
Cement and Concrete Research


Pore solution, Electrical properties, Transport properties, Alkalis, Modeling


Snyder, K. , Feng, X. and Mason, T. (2003), Estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solutions from OH-, K+ and Na+ concentrations, Cement and Concrete Research, [online], (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created June 4, 2003, Updated June 2, 2021