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Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape



J H. Klote


This paper is the initial report of an ongoing project at NBS to investigate the use of elevators as a means of fire escape for the handicapped. The use of stairwells for fire evacuation poses a problem for people who cannot use stairs because of physical disabilities. This paper discusses some of the major problems associated with the use of elevators as a means of fire exit and proposes a conceptual solution to those problems. A report is made on field test of four buildings with elevator protection systems. These protection systems and their interactions with other systems are examined.
ASHRAE Transactions
Report Number
No. 2


elevators (lifts), evacuation, building fires, egress, handicapped, pressurization, smoke control, stairwells


Klote, J. (1982), Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape, ASHRAE Transactions, [online], (Accessed July 12, 2024)


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Created May 1, 1982, Updated February 19, 2017