Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Electrostatic Modes of Ion-Trap Plasmas



John J. Bollinger, D J. Heinzen, F Moore, Wayne M. Itano, David J. Wineland, D H. Dubin
Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)


Bollinger, J. , Heinzen, D. , Moore, F. , Itano, W. , Wineland, D. and Dubin, D. (1993), Electrostatic Modes of Ion-Trap Plasmas, Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics), [online], (Accessed February 25, 2024)
Created June 1, 1993, Updated February 19, 2017