Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Electrochemical measurements of diffusion through cardiac muscle tissue engineering scaffolds



Kavita Jeerage, Stephanie M. LaNasa, Damian S. Lauria, Stephanie J. Bryant, Andrew Slifka


Cardiomyocytes, the beating cells of the heart, are highly dependent on oxygen for survival and function. Early work in cardiac muscle tissue engineering revealed that cardiomyocytes only survived within 150 microns of the scaffold's edge due to limitations in oxygen diffusion. Sphere-templated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel scaffolds were developed to provide paths for the passive diffusion of oxygen and other nutrients, which is expected to enhance survival of the engineered tissue. Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) provides spatially-resolved information about chemical species concentration. Electrochemical measurements reveal that diffusion within the crosslinked structure of the non-porous bulk hydrogel regions can be tuned by varying the gel crosslinking density (e.g. by changing PEG molecular weight and/or weight percent in the hydrogel). Preliminary studies also indicate that pore topography/size as captured by in-situ electrochemical images is consistent with SEM images of dried hydrogels. SECM measurements allow us to quantify the contribution of the microscopic and nanoscopic pores to providing oxygen and other nutrients to the scaffold interior.
Conference Dates
October 7-12, 2007
Conference Location
Washington, DC, DC, USA
Conference Title
Fall Mtg. of the Electrochemical Society


diffusion, hydrogel scaffolds, scanning electrochemical microscopy


Jeerage, K. , LaNasa, S. , Lauria, D. , Bryant, S. and Slifka, A. (2007), Electrochemical measurements of diffusion through cardiac muscle tissue engineering scaffolds, Fall Mtg. of the Electrochemical Society, Washington, DC, DC, USA, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created May 17, 2007, Updated October 12, 2021