Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effects of filler type and content on mechanical properties of photopolymerizable composites determined using a two-dimensional gradient platform

Published

Author(s)

Sheng Lin-Gibson, Li Piin Sung, Haiqing Hu, Aaron M. Forster, Nancy J. Lin

Abstract

Photopolymerizable dental composites have complex processing conditions and multi-component formulations that affect the final properties. Combinatorial screening is a useful approach for evaluating multiple properties of the composites. A single test substrate was fabricated to support multiple formulations that possess a continuous gradient in the degree of conversion. This methodology was used successfully to evaluate mechanical properties and damage response as a function of filler type, filler content, and irradiation. Degree of conversion, surface roughness, modulus, hardness, scratch deformation, and cytotoxicity were quantified using near infrared spectroscopy, laser confocal scanning microscopy, depth sensing indentation scratch, and cell viability assays, respectively. The current platform allows for direct comparison of various properties on the same sample. It was found that the total filler content, the presence of nanofiller, and the irradiation time/intensity affected the final properties of the composites, although the dominating factor for improvement was the degree of conversion.
Citation
Acta Materialia

Keywords

dental composite, nanoindentation, cytotoxicity, instrumented indentation scratch testing, combinatorial

Citation

Lin-Gibson, S. , Sung, L. , Hu, H. , Forster, A. and Lin, N. (2009), Effects of filler type and content on mechanical properties of photopolymerizable composites determined using a two-dimensional gradient platform, Acta Materialia, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=854081 (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created February 5, 2009, Updated February 19, 2017