Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effect of UV Radiation on Surface Mechanical Properties of NanoTiO2-Acrylic Urethane Composites

Published

Author(s)

Pu-Jui Su, Bernard Haochih Liu, Stephanie S. Watson, Li Piin Sung

Abstract

Nanoindentation was used to monitor the changes in surface mechanical property of nano-titanium dioxide (nanoTiO2)/acrylic urethane (AU) composites exposed to high intensity UV radiation at 55 ℃ and dry conditions. Five TiO2 nanoparticles of similar size but different crystal phases and surface treatments were selected in this study. Preliminary results indicate two competing behaviors (hardening versus softening) were found in surface modulus and hardness changes as UV exposure time increased. Relationship between photodegradation-induced surface mechanical behavior and the characteristics of nanoTiO2 (crystal phases and surface treatments) was examined. It appears that AU composites containing rutile nanoTiO2 regardless of surface treatment exhibit the typical hardening behavior. However, the AU composites containing anatase or anatase/rutile mix (high anatase ratio) nanoTiO2 show softening behavior. It implies that photoreactivity of nanoTiO2 plays a major role in the photodegradation-induced surface mechanical behavior. Other key physical parameters such as surface morphology and filler dispersion measured using laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM), and bulk mechanical properties measured by tensile testing were obtained. The correlation between these physical quantities and the surface mechanical properties may provide a fundamental understanding of the photodegradation- induced surface mechanical behavior for different nanoTiO2/AU composites.
Citation
Journal of Coatings Technology

Keywords

Composites, aser scanning confocal Microscopy, Nanoindentation, nanoparticles, surface morphology, Surface mechanical properties, UV degrdation

Citation

Su, P. , Liu, B. , Watson, S. and Sung, L. (2017), Effect of UV Radiation on Surface Mechanical Properties of NanoTiO2-Acrylic Urethane Composites, Journal of Coatings Technology, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-49776-3.00014-3 (Accessed August 7, 2022)
Created October 16, 2017, Updated October 12, 2021