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Effect of Sample Size on the Heat Release Rate of Charring Materials

Published

Author(s)

S J. Ritchie, Kenneth D. Steckler, Anthony P. Hamins, Thomas G. Cleary, Jiann C. Yang, Takashi Kashiwagi

Abstract

The burning of a horizontal wood slab situated atop an insulating substrate was modeled using three coupled submodels for the gas-phase, wood, and substrate processes. A global analytical model was used to determine the radiative and convective heat feedback from the gas-phase combustion to the wood surface. The char-forming wood model was a one-dimensional numerical computation of the density change as a function of position and time. The backside boundary condition of the wood was treated as conductive heat loss into a substrate material modeled by the heat conduction equation. The condensed-phase model results were tested by exposing Douglas Fir samples to an external flux in a nitrogen environment (no combustion). Heat release rate calculations are compared to experimental results for Douglas Fir samples of 0.1 m and 0.6 m diameter. Both theory and experiments show that, for the conditions studied, the heat release rate is nearly independent of the specimen diameter except for the initial peak and the affect of this peak on the first portion of the quasi-steady settling period. Model predictions also indicate that the second peak, which follows the settling period, is very sensitive to the thickness of the insulating substrate.
Proceedings Title
International Association for Fire Safety Science. Fire Safety Science. Proceedings of the Fifth (5th) International Symposium
Conference Dates
March 3-7, 1997
Conference Location
Boston, MA

Keywords

fire research, fire safety, fire science, char, burning rate, heat release rate, model studies, small scale fire tests, wood

Citation

Ritchie, S. , Steckler, K. , Hamins, A. , Cleary, T. , Yang, J. and Kashiwagi, T. (1997), Effect of Sample Size on the Heat Release Rate of Charring Materials, International Association for Fire Safety Science. Fire Safety Science. Proceedings of the Fifth (5th) International Symposium, Boston, MA, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909657 (Accessed December 8, 2023)
Created March 3, 1997, Updated June 2, 2021