Effect of Bifunctional Comonomers on Mechanical Strength and Water Sorption of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate- and Silanized Glass-filled Bis-GMA-Based Composites
Drago Skrtic, Joseph M. Antonucci
This study seeks to elucidate structure-property relationships in a series of unfilled dental copolymers and their composites. The copolymers/composites were derived from photo-activated binary monomer systems based on 2,2-bis[p-2 -hydroxy-3 -methacryloxypropoxy) phenyl] propane (Bis-GMA) and equimolar amounts of a bifunctional, surface-active comonomer, i.e., 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), glycerol dimethacrylate (GDMA) or ethylene glycol methacrylate phosphate (PHEMA). Triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate, a widely used comonomer for Bis-GMA, was used as a control. Two types of fillers were investigated: (1) a hydrophilic, silica-modiried amorphous calcium phosphate (Si-ACP) and (2) a more hydrophobic silianized nanosized silica (n-SiO2). Both the unfilled copolymers and their composites were evaluated for biaxial flexure strength (BFS), both dry and wet after 30 days immersion in buffered saline, and for water sorption (ws) and their ws kinetic profiles. The Bis-GMA copolymers and composites derived from HEMA and GDMA had BFS and WS values, as well as WS kinetic profiles, similar to the controls. Copolymers and composites based on Bis-GMA/PHEMA had lower BFS and higher WS values. Si-ACP composites had significantly lower BFS values (that were further diminished on soaking) than their copolymers. WS increased as the level of this filler was increased except for Bis-GMA/PHEMA composites. With n-SiO2 as the filler, a more moderate reduction in BFS occurred compared to the unfilled copolymers. By contrast to Si-ACP composites, the WS of all the n-SiO2 composites decreased with increasing filler level. From this study it is evident that both the chemical structure of the polymer matrix and the type of filler system can have significant effects on the strength and water-related properties of dental composites.
and Antonucci, J.
Effect of Bifunctional Comonomers on Mechanical Strength and Water Sorption of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate- and Silanized Glass-filled Bis-GMA-Based Composites, Biomaterials, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=852109
(Accessed December 5, 2023)