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Diffusion Measurements Using ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy: Acetone Diffusion in Polypropylene - Use of Penetrant Fluid Pressure to Improve Sample / IRE Contact

Published

Author(s)

X Yi, J Portnoy, J J. Pellegrino

Abstract

In this article, we present a simple method for improving the contact between a film sample and the internal reflection element (or crystal) when diffusion into thin polymer films is measured with attenuated total reflectance (ATR)- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Intimate film/crystal contact is particularly important for making measurements on premade films and materials that cannot be solution-coated onto the crystal. This method is based on controlling the penetrant fluid pressure above a threshold value (>230 kPa) in the ATR flow cell. Measurements of acetone diffusion into a commercial polypropylene film at 300 K and varied pressures indicated that the diffusion time constant was constant at pressures above this threshold. We also monitored the absorbance of a polymer band that had no overlap with the acetone spectrum to examine whether adequate sample-film/crystal contact was reached and maintained. From these observations, we concluded that an apparently good match between the experimental data and a model calculation does not alone justify confidence in the accuracy of the calculated diffusion time constant. Additionally, the practice of using a reference band to correct the uncertainty in absorbance for bands of interest (due to imperfect sample/crystal contact) yielded inconsistent results. We also report further measurements of acetone diffusivity in a polypropylene film at temperatures ranging from 278 to 308 K that yielded an estimated activation energy for diffusion of 98 kJ/mol.
Citation
Journal Of Polymer Science
Volume
38
Issue
No. 13

Keywords

acetone, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, diffusion, polypropylene

Citation

Yi, X. , Portnoy, J. and Pellegrino, J. (2000), Diffusion Measurements Using ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy: Acetone Diffusion in Polypropylene - Use of Penetrant Fluid Pressure to Improve Sample / IRE Contact, Journal Of Polymer Science (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created July 1, 2000, Updated February 17, 2017