The Development and Application of Cryocoolers Since 1985
Many significant new developments in cryocoolers have occurred since about 1985 that have lead to grealy improved efficiencies, lifetimes, compactness, and low temperature limits. Many of the improvements have been spurred by the requirements of several new important applications, such as the cooling of high-temperature superconductors for both electronic and power applications, satellite applications of infrared sensors, cooling supersonducting magnets in MRI systems, cryosurgery, and small-scale gas liquefaction for medical, inductrial and space applications. New developments in various types of cryocoolers are reviewed to show how they have lead to improved characteristics to meet the demands of several new applications.
International Congress of Cryogenics and Refrigeration ||Proceedings of ICCR 2003 | International Academic Publishers
The Development and Application of Cryocoolers Since 1985, International Congress of Cryogenics and Refrigeration ||Proceedings of ICCR 2003 | International Academic Publishers, Hangzhou, CH
(Accessed March 3, 2024)