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Design and Realization of a Sputter Deposition System for the in situ and in operando Use in Polarized Neutron Reflectometry Experiments: Novel Capabilities

Published

Author(s)

Jingfan Ye, Alexander Book, Sina Mayr, Henrik Gabold, Fankai Meng, Helena Schafferer, Ryan F. Need, Dustin Gilbert, Thomas Saerbeck, Jochen Stahn, Peter Boni, Wolfgang Kreuzpaintner

Abstract

Recently, the design and realization of a sputter-deposition system for in situ and in operando neutron reflectometry (PNR) was reported. The device allows magnetic thin films and heterostructures to be grown, while the sample remains aligned in the neutron beam for PNR. By now, it has been applied in experiments that investigated the magnetic and structural properties of thin Fe and Pd/Fe/Pd heterostructures as a function of the layer thickness. Here, we report on significant upgrades of the deposition system with advanced thin film growth and measurement capabilities. These include improvements to the generation of the vacuum to realize ultra-high-vacuum (UHV) conditions. A base pressure below 5 x 10-99 mbar can now be obtained within less than one day of pumping time. To allow experiments over a wide range of temperatures, the system was upgraded to include a cryo-furnace. It allows the sample to be cooled or heated in the range of 10K to 1000K for both applications, sample growth and measurement. Further, a new quadrupole magnetic coil setup was designed which can realize a homogeneous in-plane magnetic field of up to 300mT and electric fields at the sample position.
Citation
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A
Volume
964

Keywords

Thin films, Neutron Reflectometry, Magnetism, Instrument

Citation

Ye, J. , Book, A. , Mayr, S. , Gabold, H. , Meng, F. , Schafferer, H. , Need, R. , Gilbert, D. , Saerbeck, T. , Stahn, J. , Boni, P. and Kreuzpaintner, W. (2020), Design and Realization of a Sputter Deposition System for the in situ and in operando Use in Polarized Neutron Reflectometry Experiments: Novel Capabilities, Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=929203 (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created May 31, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021