Demonstration of a Fundamental Universal Quantum Logic Gate
C Monroe, D M. Meekhof, B E. King, Wayne M. Itano, David J. Wineland
We demonstrate the operation of a two-bit "controlled-NOT" quantum logic gate, which, in conjunction with simple single-bit operations, forms a universal quantum logic gate for quantum computation. The two quantum bits are stored in the internal and external degrees of freedom of a single trapped atom, which is first laser cooled to the zero-point energy. Decoherence effects are identified for the operation, and the possibility of extending the system to more qubits appears promising.
, Meekhof, D.
, King, B.
, Itano, W.
and Wineland, D.
Demonstration of a Fundamental Universal Quantum Logic Gate, Physical Review Letters, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=105032
(Accessed September 24, 2021)