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Cryogenic single-port calibration for superconducting microwave resonator measurements

Published

Author(s)

Haozhi Wang, Suren Singh, Corey Rae McRae, Joseph C. Bardin, S.-X. Lin, A. R. Castelli, Y. J. Rosen, David P. Pappas, J. Y. Mutus

Abstract

Superconducting circuit testing and materials loss characterization requires robust and reliable methods for the extraction of internal and coupling quality factors of microwave resonators. A common method, imposed by limitations on the device design or experimental configuration, is the single-port reflection geometry, i.e. reflection-mode. However, impedance mismatches in cryogenic systems must be accounted for through calibration of the measurement chain while it is at low temperatures. In this paper, we demonstrate a data-based, single-port calibration using commercial microwave standards and a vector network analyzer with samples at millikelvin temperature in a dilution refrigerator, making this method useful for measurements of quantum phenomena. Finally, we cross reference our data-based, single-port calibration and reflection measurement with over-coupled 2D- and 3D-resonators against well established two-port techniques corroborating the validity of our method.
Citation
Quantum Science and Technology
Volume
6
Issue
3

Keywords

one-port cryogenic calibration, data-based calibration, superconducting resonator, reflection measurement

Citation

Wang, H. , Singh, S. , McRae, C. , Bardin, J. , Lin, S. , Castelli, A. , Rosen, Y. , Pappas, D. and Mutus, J. (2021), Cryogenic single-port calibration for superconducting microwave resonator measurements, Quantum Science and Technology, [online], https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-9565/ac070e (Accessed June 13, 2024)

Issues

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Created June 28, 2021, Updated April 25, 2023