Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Cryogenic Calibration of a Quantum-based Radio Frequency Source



Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Justus A. Brevik, Dylan Williams, Anna E. Fox, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Peter F. Hopkins, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz


We report on the calibration of quantum-based radio frequency waveforms generated by a Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer system. We measure these waveforms using a vector network analyzer and calibrate them at 4 K using a custom-designed cryogenic on-wafer multi-line thru-reflect-line calibration kit and a two-tier calibration procedure. The signals tested in this work can be used as reference signals to calibrate measurement instruments with potential benefits in terms of accuracy and flexibility compared to the conventional methods.
Conference Dates
August 4-6, 2020
Conference Location
Los Angeles, CA
Conference Title
95th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference


calibration, quantum-based radio frequency waveforms, Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer system, vector network analyzer, custom-designed cryogenic on-wafer multi-line thru-reflect-line calibration kit, two-tier calibration procedure, reference signals, calibrate measurement instruments, accuracy, flexibility


Jesus, A. , Brevik, J. , Williams, D. , Fox, A. , Castellanos, M. , Hopkins, P. , Dresselhaus, P. and Benz, S. (2020), Cryogenic Calibration of a Quantum-based Radio Frequency Source, 95th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference, Los Angeles, CA, [online], (Accessed May 21, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created November 1, 2020, Updated January 12, 2021